|Example of access using gangway from vessel. (Photo: www.uptime.no)|
Rambøll Oil & Gas has submitted a study which sheds light on the advantages and disadvantages of unmanned wellhead platforms. The conclusion is that unmanned platforms may provide efficient development solutions in terms of costs and production for shallow water developments on the Norwegian shelf.
The study was commissioned because the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate considers concepts of this type to be an important contribution to good resource utilization.
An unmanned wellhead platform is a facility resting on the seabed where the wells are placed on the platform deck. The concept is an alternative to subsea wells with wellheads situated on the seabed. There are various types of unmanned wellhead platforms – from simple facilities to more advanced solutions which include e.g. process equipment. Access may be via gangway from vessels, while others have helicopter decks.
In December 2015, Statoil and its partners submitted a Plan for Development and Operation (PDO) for Oseberg Vestflanken 2 in the North Sea, where the development concept entails an unmanned wellhead platform, a jack-up rig and a support vessel. This facility does not have a helicopter deck.
The following main topics are addressed in the study:
- Basic types and locations for unmanned platforms
- Experience from operation and maintenance of unmanned platforms
- Regulations and framework conditions, Norwegian shelf and comparable continental shelves
Development of these types of concepts comprises both technical solutions and regulations. Amendments to the regulations are handled by the Petroleum Safety Authority Norway.
Read the report: