The full field development will involve a drilling programme of around 300 wells over 15 years to deliver plateau production of one billion cubic feet (28.3 million cubic metres) of gas per day and 25,000 barrels per day of gas condensate. This volume is equivalent to around a third of Oman’s total daily domestic gas supply and will make a significant contribution to ensuring continuing stable supplies from domestic sources. The total investment in the full field development is around $16 billion, which includes the investment made to date in the appraisal of the resource and early well test programme.
The Khazzan project represents the first phase in the development of one of the Middle East region’s largest unconventional tight gas accumulations, which has the potential to be a major new source of gas supply for Oman over many decades.
His Excellency Dr Mohammed Al Rumhy, Minister of Oil and Gas of the Sultanate of Oman, said: “Today’s signing is an important step in the Sultanate of Oman’s plans to meet growing demand for energy over the coming decades and to contribute to economic development in Oman. The Khazzan project is the largest new upstream project in Oman and a pioneering development in the region in unlocking technically challenging tight gas through technology.”
HE Al Rumhy added: “As well as providing additional energy supply for Oman, the Khazzan project will generate wider direct benefit with the development of Omani employees and delivering in country value through the development of the local supply chain.”
Bob Dudley, BP Group Chief Executive, said: “We are very pleased to be going ahead with this major project, which is very important for both Oman and for BP. This enables BP to bring to Oman the experience it has built up in tight gas production over many decades. This is one more example of BP developing a long term gas supply chain, in this case to bring energy to customers in Oman for decades to come.”
David Dalton, President of BP in the Middle East Region, added: “The sanction of the Khazzan project follows an extensive and rigorous appraisal programme. This has given BP and the Government of the Sultanate of Oman confidence in the strength of the project and our ability to deliver long term gas supply to Oman.”
Construction work for the Khazzan project, located in the South of Block 61, will begin in 2014, and first gas is expected in late 2017. Gas production is expected to ramp up to plateau in 2018 and in total the project is expected to develop around 7 trillion cubic feet (tcf) of gas, which will require BP to successfully deploy new technologies.
The amended exploration and production sharing agreement and a gas sales agreement extend for an initial 30 years and also provide for the additional appraisal of further gas resources within Block 61, which are expected to be developed in subsequent project phases.
The full field development involves a 15-year drilling programme, with production tied back to a new central processing facility in Block 61 via a 500 kilometre long gathering system.
The Government of the Sultanate of Oman also announced the intent of the state-owned Oman Oil Company Exploration & Production (OOCEP) to participate with a 40 per cent stake in Block 61. Salim Al-Sibani, CEO of OOCEP, noted: “We are delighted to work with BP on this challenging project to supply gas to the country. Unlocking unconventional resource will help to meet Oman’s future energy needs. We are very pleased to be part of this exciting journey and to build the required unconventional skills across the upstream sector.”
At the same time, BP and Oman Oil Company (OOC) also announced the signing of a non-binding memorandum of understanding (MoU) to develop the world’s first acetic acid manufacturing plant using BP’s revolutionary new SaaBre™ process, which was first announced in November 2013. The MoU covers joint economic evaluation and a detailed feasibility study for a proposed one million tonne per year acetic acid plant in the Special Economic Zone in Duqm, Oman. Subject to negotiating definitive agreements, it is anticipated to lead to a joint venture investment, with start-up expected in 2019.