Air pollution rules being proposed by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for the electric power sector will provide economic benefits and jobs across much of the United States--including Delaware--concentrated especially in the next five years, according to a new report from Ceres announced at the 2011 Good Jobs, Green Jobs National Conference.
The report, “New Jobs-Cleaner Air: Employment Effects under Planned Changes to EPA’s Air Pollution Rules,” prepared by Dr. James Heintz of the Political Economy Research Institute at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, details the jobs created through investments in pollution controls, new plant construction, and the retirement of older, less efficient coal plants as the country transitions to a cleaner, modernized generation fleet under new EPA clean air standards.
Among the report’s key findings:
• Based on recent estimates that the power sector will invest in capital improvements over the next five years, total employment created in Delaware by these capital investments is estimated at over 6,000 jobs, or about 1,200 jobs on average in each of the next five years.
• Installing modern pollution controls and building new power plants create a wide array of skilled high-paying installation, construction and professional jobs, as well as jobs at companies that manufacture pollution controls and other required construction/maintenance equipment.
“Americans can expect significant economic gains from implementing these new EPA rules in the form of highly-skilled, well-paying jobs that will help us clean up and modernize the nation’s power plant fleet,” said Mindy S. Lubber, president of Ceres. “Hundreds of thousands of new jobs will be created in each of the next five years – a welcome boost as the country recovers from a severe economic downturn.”
“Given the state of the economy, many are concerned about the new air pollution regulations’ impact on jobs. Our research demonstrates that robust employment growth will take place alongside efforts to reduce harmful emissions,” said Dr. James Heintz, PERI's Associate Director and Assistant Research Professor. “The Eastern and Midwestern states we studied will experience a net gain of jobs, once all investments in pollution control and new generation capacity are completed. We need to move beyond the outdated idea that environmental protection compromises the ongoing growth of our economy.”
The new report evaluates job impacts under two Clean Air Act rules expected to be finalized in 2011: the Clean Air Transport Rule, focused on sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide emissions from 31 targeted states in the East and Midwest; and the Toxics Rule which, for the first time, will set limits on hazardous air pollutants such as mercury, arsenic, lead and hydrochloric acid.
The study finds that installation, design and construction of pollution controls and construction of new generation capacity will create a majority of the jobs in the five-year period through 2015. Nationally, the study estimates compliance with these EPA rules will create 1.46 million “job years” (each job year representing a single job that lasts for one year) including both direct jobs, such as engineers, electricians, boilermakers and others directly involved with plant construction and installation of pollution controls, and indirect jobs at companies that manufacture and create pollution controls and other necessary equipment for construction and maintenance of power plants.
The study also finds that permanent operation and maintenance (O&M) jobs associated with pollution control installations and new generation construction will be created in all states. Although some O&M jobs will be lost because of the projected retirement of older, less efficient coal plants, these losses will be offset by new O&M jobs, resulting in an approximately 4,200 net job gain across the 36 states studied.
Recent studies find that about 35 gigawatts of coal-fired generation could be retired in the Eastern Interconnection by 2015. Many of these plants are already economically challenged by sustained low natural gas prices and reduced electricity demand and most likely would be retired even without the proposed EPA rules.
Report finds investments to clean, modernize coal-fired plants will create over 6,000 jobs in Delaware