The global cumulative installed capacity of solar photovoltaic modules will more than treble from 135 GW in 2013 to 413 GW by 2020, according to new research.
A report from consulting firm GlobalData states that emerging economies in the Asia-Pacific, South and Central America and the Middle East and Africa are expected to be the major solar PV markets in the future, due to an increasing focus on renewable energy to fuel economic growth.
GlobalData’s power analyst Swati Singh said: “Asia-Pacific is home to many developing countries, including India and China, where substantial installations are being made. The region is also a leading area for solar energy systems production, with Japan, China and Taiwan being three of the largest solar PV cell manufacturers in the world.
“Governments in the region are promoting solar module manufacturing through various long-term policies, financial incentives, subsidies and tax benefits. This strong commitment to solar energy development has led to numerous research and development initiatives and increased solar module production and installations, which will drive future market growth.”
Singh added that Asian companies dominate the global PV device supplies market, with seven Chinese companies currently among the top module manufacturers worldwide.
GlobalData’s report states that last year “marked a turning point in the solar PV space, as China, India and Japan accounted for the majority of global annual installations. China’s growth was especially remarkable, contributing around 12 GW of the world’s 37-GW additions in 2013.”
Singh explained: “Prior to 2013, most solar PV installations were in Europe, with Italy, Germany, Spain and France accounting for the majority of global annual installations in 2012.
“Reduced solar PV module prices, combined with European countries’ feed-in tariff subsidies, have supported the widespread growth of small-scale distributed capacity there. However, GlobalData believes that these tariffs are likely to become less generous in subsequent years, with the reduction or removal of incentives having already been proposed and implemented in some of the region’s countries.”