By Editors of Power Engineering
The Paris Agreement, a United Nations initiative to limit greenhouse gas emission, has now been ratified by enough countries to enter it into force.
As of October 5, 75 countries have ratified the agreement, and it will go into effect on November 4. The UN noted the 75 ratifying countries represent 55 percent of all greenhouse gas emissions.
The stated goal of the Paris Agreement is to strengthen the global response to climate change and cap the global temperature rise in the 21st century to well below two degrees Celsius, with an aim to keep it to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
The agreement seeks to reach these goals with financial flows, new technological framework and enhanced capacity building framework to support action by developing countries and especially vulnerable countries.
Each country has set its own goals. The United States has pledged to reduce its carbon emissions by 26 percent to 28 percent below its 2005 levels by 2025, and to make its best efforts to reduce emissions by 28 percent. The agreement noted the target is “fair and ambitious.”
The U.S. target covers emissions of carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, perfluorocarbons, hydrofluorocarbons, sulfur hexafluoride and nitrogen triflouride.
However, the Paris Agreement isn’t legally binding.