The global oil market could face a supply shortfall of 4.5 million b/d by 2035, if exploration success doesn't improve, according to findings in a new Wood Mackenzie study. Discoveries in recent years have been disappointing, with the volume of liquids discovered per annum more than halving over the period 2008 to 2015, the firm said. The oil price environment has caused exploration budgets to be slashed and Wood Mackenzie forecasts that in 2016 the industry will invest half of the levels seen in previous years. Although significant discoveries made during the 2000s are key in securing medium term oil supply, unless exploration results improve continued supply growth in the longer term will become unsustainable, Wood Mackenzie continued.
"We have conducted a comprehensive study of the impact of exploration rates on global oil supply using our proprietary database and analysing all conventional fields discovered since 2000. Over 7000 conventional fields have been discovered in the last 15 years and although these developments will play a critical role in securing future oil supply in the medium term, modelling a continuation of poor exploration results shows that the market could see a 4.5 million b/d shortfall by 2035,"said Patrick Gibson, director of global oil supply research at Wood Mackenzie.
Dr. Andrew Latham, vice president of exploration research at Wood Mackenzie noted: "In the last four years the industry has seen disappointing - largely gas prone - exploration results, with the volume of liquids discovered annually falling from around 19 billion barrels between 2008-2011 to 8 billion barrels between 2012-2015. The price downturn has resulted in large reductions in exploration spend and activity levels have been significantly impacted - just 2.9 billion barrels of liquids were discovered globally in 2015. We currently expect the industry to invest US$40 billion per year in exploration and appraisal over 2016 to 2018 - less than half its investment during 2012 to 2014."
"A number of sizable discoveries were made during the 2000s, when budgets and exploration activity peaked. Substantial volumes of oil from these finds are still to be produced - around 90% of the liquids discovered – which should ensure supply growth in the medium term. Conventional exploration success during the 2000s could add 18 million b/d by 2025, in addition to increasing tight oil recovery. However, the shift in the industry's focus towards exploring smaller near field opportunities with lower cost bases and shorter lead times, now means that fewer large, high risk frontier finds are likely to be made in the near term," Latham added.
Wood Mackenzie estimates that over 10% of global liquids supply by 2035 will be sourced from conventional volumes that are yet to be discovered - Africa, Latin America and North America will account for around 60% of those volumes.
"Existing discoveries do of course have a key role to play in future global oil supply, but unless exploration results start to improve significantly, continued supply growth will become unsustainable. We forecast that by 2030, production from fields discovered since 2000 will be in decline, and we could see a shortfall of 4.5 million b/d by 2035, if the current annual average (8 billion barrels) of discovered liquids continues. This is why the size and nature of the next tranche of discoveries is crucial for maintaining long term global oil supply growth," Gibson said.