DW discusses evolution of subsea EPC

Douglas-Westwood has provided commentary on the evolution of subsea engineering, procurement, and construction (EPC) in the company’s DW Monday report for July 27.

The subsea sector is highly consolidated with just five players servicing the $12 billion annual requirements of the global exploration and production (E&P) community. The two largest, FMC and OneSubsea, account for approximately two-thirds of the market, but, despite this, they have shown no signs of resting on their laurels, forging strategic partnerships to reshape and redefine the commercial landscape. This has become increasingly critical as projects have grown in scale and complexity.

Recent years have seen a shift in focus from mechanical tree designs toward value-added instrumentation, monitoring, and processing technologies. The joint venture between Cameron and Schlumberger to form OneSubsea in 2013 is an attempt to unite the former’s subsea skill with the latter’s downhole and processing expertise. Likewise, the recent partnership between FMC and Technip to form Forsys Subsea, combines subsea production, processing and installation capabilities, minimizing both supply chain and technological interfaces for the end user.

Ultimately, E&P companies have been gradually moving from a "pick and choose" approach, to procuring systems from a single vendor. DW data suggests that, 15 years ago, nearly a fifth of subsea wells installed had different manufacturers for the trees and controls. In 2015, it is expected that over 95% of subsea trees installed will have wellheads and controls from the same manufacturer. DW believes that this trend is set to develop further with an appetite for standardization of subsea equipment that has been driven by cost pressures, lower oil prices, and the subsequent need to deliver projects on budget and on time. 

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