By Hilton Price
In the upcoming edition of PennEnergy Workforce Magazine, IÃ¢ÂÂve contributed an article on why I believe public outcry and government legislation have been good for the fracking industry. ItÃ¢ÂÂs pretty compelling stuff. You should read it.
During the week I spent researching the piece, I learned a lot about fracking, far more than I had in the preceding 3 months IÃ¢ÂÂve been working in the industry. Amid that intense study, I realized two things. First, the theme of my submissions in this recurring blog will be my own ongoing education in the oil and gas industry. Second, no one outside the industry is ever going to be entirely comfortable with fracking. The process is too weird for normal human consumption, and the very nature of how it is performed means someone, and most likely many someones, will always oppose it.
The list of fracking chemicals is shrinking. With each unsuccessful frac (or successful legislation), the number of reliable and permissible chemicals is reduced. ThatÃ¢ÂÂs a good thing. That means less dangerous junk is pumped underground. For instance, the first frac involved Napalm. I donÃ¢ÂÂt have the list of acceptable chemicals in front of me, but IÃ¢ÂÂm pretty sure thatÃ¢ÂÂs not on it anymore. YouÃ¢ÂÂd be hard pressed to find someone who would say napalm should be used in anything, expect possibly for blowing stuff up.
Even with napalm and some of the other obviously problematic chemicals removed, the permitted frac fluid list is still littered with a bevy of chemicals not familiar to most people. Unfamiliarity breeds fear. Until the bulk of mankind starts taking a personal interest in high school chemistry, almost every chemical on that list is going to be a source of fear.
Okay, I found the list. There are, admittedly, a few that donÃ¢ÂÂt sound so scary. Take Isopropyl Alcohol, for example. Practically every family has at least one bottle of Isopropyl Alcohol under a bathroom counter in their home. So, seeing that name on the list might not concern everyone. Of course, the chemicals on this list arenÃ¢ÂÂt just sitting on a list or hiding under a bathroom counter, they are being forced into the ground at high pressure and speeds. This brings up the other reason most people wonÃ¢ÂÂt ever be Ã¢ÂÂokayÃ¢ÂÂ with fracking. It involves pumping stuff into the Earth, a concept that in itself is unsettling to the uninformed.
ItÃ¢ÂÂs easy to make assumptions on how people will act, and thatÃ¢ÂÂs largely what IÃ¢ÂÂm doing here. So, allow me to add some context. IÃ¢ÂÂm in Tulsa, Oklahoma as I write this. ItÃ¢ÂÂs where I live; I didnÃ¢ÂÂt just stop here to write. Over the last few years IÃ¢ÂÂve grown accustomed to TulsaÃ¢ÂÂs unique weather anomalies. Severe thunderstorms, epic snowfall, and tornado warnings are just part of the Oklahoma life. Then last year, something else popped up with increasing frequency: earthquakes. I felt two of them, and they were pretty scary. So, I understand why people began trying to find a cause almost immediately. WeÃ¢ÂÂre not used to them and we want answers.
Of course, someone from Tulsa posted a story about frackingÃ¢ÂÂs possible link to earthquakes on their social network page. Within minutes, everyone had strong opinions on the topic. It was very cute. Thoroughly uninformed, but very cute. It also exemplified the way people view fracking. The effect of the process isnÃ¢ÂÂt fully understood by people, so the idea of some frac fluid setting off Ã¢ÂÂthe big oneÃ¢ÂÂ makes a weird kind of sense. Geologists have found a connection between fracking and earthquakes, but not in the point-A-leads-to-point-B way the public has embraced. ItÃ¢ÂÂs more complex than that, and that complexity, a recurring theme here, is why the public just doesnÃ¢ÂÂt get it.
Lucky for us, the public doesnÃ¢ÂÂt understand a lot of things it discusses, and thatÃ¢ÂÂs why in the end we donÃ¢ÂÂt really have to pay too much attention to what they say. From Federal finances to relationships in Hollywood, public discourse is common. Politicians donÃ¢ÂÂt worry about my thoughts during budget debates, and celebrities have never asked for my input on their trysts. As long as the people behind the fracking industry can accept that the process will be discussed by those who arenÃ¢ÂÂt fully informed, it can persevere past the hurdles mass discourse will occasionally toss in its way.